The research fields of this axis enrich the perception of heritage in different cultural contexts: conditions of emergence; forms and implications of valuation and interpretation mechanisms; the role of local actors and their cultural, tourist and political objectives ... Everywhere, the heritage expresses and makes visible the different possible ways of considering the relations between past, present and future, specific to each society. It also involves games of actors, discourses and collective choices concerning the patrimonial "objects" that a community gives itself and gives to see: material elements ("traces") but also stories and myths, places of memory, resources natural resources, knowledge and know-how.
The role of local populations in this representation as well as their relationship to the materiality and sustainability of the heritage thus opens up a set of questions divided into two thematic areas.
The project "Challenges, objectives and goals"
This project, acting as a challenge to the transpositions of Western museum models, seeks to understand what cultural realities account for the current spaces for the protection and enhancement of heritage and what the diversity of forms, stagings and discourses in museums in the South.
What are the issues, in particular the political ones, and the strategies that underlie the choice of heritage elements retained or discarded in the staging of local communities, particularly in the case of ethnic minorities? The answers will also define the limits.
The "Collections: Knowledge and Practices" project
This second project is anchored on a re-appropriation of the collections by the local populations in order to evaluate the local know-how on the preventive conservation of the collections and to try to measure the impacts of their management by the museums in the North. A typological analysis of the actors, techniques, products and tools goes hand in hand with the approach aimed at understanding the representations and reflections of these communities on the conservation of their material heritage.
In both cases, the methods used are as much a comparative analysis as the constitution and the study of databases crossed with the knowledge and references of the countries of the North. The researchers of this axis constantly combine Research, Expertise and Training.
Currently, the main fields are located in Argentina, Ecuador, Morocco, Senegal, Cameroon, Namibia, Tanzania, Thailand, Laos and China.