This is reflected in international environmental governance instruments: REDD mechanisms, environmental certifications, compensation. Contemporary changes in the ways in which spaces and resources are accessed and used, and the ways in which they reconfigure local social relationships and the relationship to nonhumans, as well as the social and political processes that produce and prioritize norms and values, will be at the heart of the work. For this purpose, we will discuss:
Contemporary dynamics of appropriation modes with the analysis of the production of rights and uses on land, natural resources and heritage through the study of public management, the market and common systems; the processes of comparing these norms in practices during institutional, technological and/or ecological change.
Environmental policies and in particular the power mechanisms related to their implementation, in a context of decentralization involving participation; the hierarchies and inequalities generated by these policies, as well as the forms of compensation at work and collective mobilization.
The politics of value, i.e. the study of how objects and living beings are affected by value, in particular through the multi-dimensional nature of this notion; the mechanisms that guide the transition from incommensurability to commensurability (from values to value), and the role of "world couriers", as well as the underlying conflicts.
The main disciplines mobilized will be anthropology, geography, economics and the history of science.