The axis promotes comparative approaches (study areas spread over several continents and ecosystems) and multidisciplinary approaches (main disciplines: anthropology, archeology and geography). The different dimensions of the territory are apprehended concomitantly and with the prospect of a critical reflection on actions and projects known as sustainable development. Indeed, the actors, the values and the uses involved in the different contexts examined indicate shifts or convergences of perceptions and actions, revealing failures or successes of development experience. The research programs are divided into two complementary thematic projects.
The "Markers, memories" project
It focuses on the diachronic depth of space and the historical and political construction of territories over the long term, in reference to the memory and tangible marks of the past. In connection with these constructions, it focuses on the representations of local populations (geosymbolics of space, impregnation in the past, reinterpretation of ancient occupations), and their practices of appropriation and exploitation (marking, strongholds, organization). Researchers are interested in the birth of territories and heritages, ie the formation, over a more or less long time, of different types of heritage (territory, techniques, "traditions", "culture" "), And their perpetuation until the present. It aims to understand what influences the construction of these heritage objects: from the relationship to the environment to the representations and values of the local populations, and to the opportunity that represents for them, in front of other actors, the patrimonialization of these objects ; it also focuses on their reformulation in the context of current intercultural relations. The work of this site partly mobilizes an archaeological approach open to interdisciplinarity and up to date concerns, those of the echo of the past in the heritage buildings of the present.
The project "Policies for development and conservation"
It focuses on the dynamics of territorial conservation by state, private and institutional actors, and their articulation with the practices and objectives of local populations. Particular attention is paid to protected areas but also to frontier spaces, areas of confrontation and negotiation where, among other things, objects emblematic of heritage are being constructed and disputed. Several programs are underway on the territorial management of biodiversity by indigenous or local communities, local knowledge and elements of the natural or cultural environment that may or may not be imposed as heritage. Researchers focus on the creation, management and conservation of marine, coastal and terrestrial protected areas in various regions, in the context of climate change and land disputes. They question the maintenance or enhancement of ecosystem services, the issue of equitable sharing of benefits associated with these services and their governance, and the use of economic tools in conservation policies. The site is still mobilized around protest movements and demands related to current territorial and environmental issues, with a particular attention to the political processes in which the local populations with whom we work are more and more engaged. This last aspect is to be compared with a reflection on participatory research methodologies developed by UMR researchers.
Currently the main fields are located in Brazil, India, Timor Leste, Egypt, Morocco, Cameroon, French Polynesia, Senegal, Algeria and Tunisia, Kenya and Tanzania, and Gabon.